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42%
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100%
7%
Synopsis: 39 physically active patients with lower back pain (LBP) were randomized into either an exercise training group that participated in a 4 week pilates training program or a control group that received standard care, consisting of consultations with physicians, specialists, and other health care professionals as needed.The major outcomes measured were functional disability (The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire) and average pain intensity (The NRS-101). By the end... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
7%
Synopsis: 60 patients with chronic non-specified low back pain were randomized to either a control group (continued medication treatment) or to participate in biweekly pilates sessions in addition to continued medication treatment.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of pilates as a method of therapeutic exercise on pain, function, and quality of life.Pain, function, quality of life, flexibility, satisfaction with treatment and amount of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ingested during the treatment period were measured at baseline, and 45, 90 and 180 days after baseline. The results of... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
6%
Synopsis: 9 RCTs were systematically reviewed to determine if Pilates exercise is an effective therapy for patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP).The evidence presented in this conference reported indicated that Pilates produced benefits of reduced pain and disability when compared against usual care and static levels of physical activity.The comparative efficacy of Pilates against general exercise remained inconclusive. Further high-quality evidence... Read More »
Conference Report
5%
Synopsis: 86 women with chronic lower back pain were randomized into either a rhythmic stabilization training (RST) group, a combination of isotonic exercises (COI) group, or a control group.The main outcomes measured throughout the course of the study were lumbar mobility (flexicurve technique), dynamic and static muscle endurance (trunk flexion and trunk extension endurance), functional impairment (Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire), and low back pain intensity (Borg Back Pain Intensity Scale). After the 12... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
5%
Synopsis: 528 patients with end-stage medial compartment knee osteoarthritis were randomized to undergo either unicompartmental knee arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty.Patients were followed for 1-year postoperatively.Results demonstrated significantly greater function on the Oxford Knee Score and satisfaction among those who underwent UKA in comparison to TKA. The rate of... Read More »
Conference Report
3%
Synopsis: 126 patients with frozen shoulder were randomized to dual glenohumeral and subacromial injection of betamethasone once per week for 5 weeks, to glenohumeral injection alone once per week for 5 weeks, or to oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for 5 weeks.Patients were assessed for pain, function, and range of motion over the first 6 months post-treatment.Results demonstrated significantly lower pain in the injection group compared to the oral NSAIDs group. Function and range... Read More »
Conference Report
2%
Synopsis: 501 patients with intervertebral disc herniation were randomized to receive standard open discectomy with examination of the irritated nerve root or non-operative care.Symptom severity improved significantly more in the surgery group than the non-operative group at 3 months, 1 year and 2 years.Self-reported improvement was also significantly better in the surgery group than in the non-operative group.There were slight but non-significant differences in favour of the surgery group over 2 years for pain, function, disability scores, and patient satisfaction. Although several significant... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 99 middle-aged patients were randomized to compare an exercise program alone to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy plus a postoperative exercise program in the treatment of degenerative medial meniscus tears.The exercise program was completed over 8 weeks, with outcomes in pain and function being assessed at the completion of the program, and again at 6 months. The results indicated... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 36 patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) were randomized to either receive manual therapy and exercise with a focus on increasing the size of the intervertebral foramen (IVF) of the affected nerve root, or a similar treatment without this specific aim.The purpose of the study was to compare these two interventions.The primary outcome, Neck Disability Index, as well as the secondary outcomes of QuickDASH and a numeric rating scale score, indicated no significant difference between the two groups when assessed at 4 and 8 weeks. Both groups demonstrated... Read More »
Author verified Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 34 patients with recurrent lateral patellar dislocation were randomized to undergo a modified Elmslie-Trillat procedure (tibial tubercle transfer) with or without the addition of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction.Patients were assessed over 5 year follow-up for incidence of redislocation, functional failure requiring reoperation, functional scores, and quantitative CT parameters.Overall, only one case of redislocation was documented, occurring in the control group.Functional scores did not significant differ between groups over follow-up. On CT, changes... Read More »
Level 2 RCT