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Synopsis: 90 patients with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade I-II) were randomized to receive either a low intensity, long duration ultrasound device or a sham ultrasound device.Treatment was administered daily for 6 weeks.Outcome measures included pain on a numeric rating score (NRS pain), pain, stiffness, and function scales of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), range of motion in flexion and extension, and strength in flexion, extension, and rotation.Results after 6 weeks demonstrated significantly greater improvement from baseline in the US group compared to the sham group for NRS pain, WOMAC pain, WOMAC stiffness, and WOMAC function scales. Differences between groups... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
14%
Synopsis: 284 patients with a single, acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture were randomized to 12 weeks use of either a rigid or soft thoracolumbosacral orthosis.Patients were assessed for radiographical and clinical outcome over 48-week follow-up.The only significant difference between groups observed was in the primary outcome measure at 12 weeks; the rigid orthosis group demonstrated a significantly lower compression of the injured vertebral body, expressed as a ratio between the anterior and posterior sections of the vertebral body. The primary outcome... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
14%
Synopsis: 70 male athletes undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were randomized to receive exercise therapy with additional transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy or no additional TENS therapy for four weeks following the operation.Outcomes of interest included pain on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and knee range of motion (ROM) in flexion.Follow up was performed at 4 weeks and 14 weeks post-operation.While both groups displayed significant improvements from baseline in all outcomes at both 4 and 14 weeks, there were no observed differences in outcomes at all time points between the two groups. Compliance was similar... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
14%
Synopsis: 112 patients with trigger finger were randomized to percutaneous release of the A1 pulley with or without the addition of a steroid injection.Patients were assessed after 3 weeks and 3 months for outcome on a patient global impression of improvement scale, modified Quinnell grade, and pain on a visual analog scale. Results demonstrated significantly... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
14%
Synopsis: 129 elderly patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis and scheduled for a primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty were randomized to receive post-operative traditional Chinese tai chi chuan (TCC) exercise therapy or standard exercise therapy for 12 weeks.Outcomes of interest included the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) pain and physical function score, the 6-minute walk test, knee range of motion in flexion and extension, and the Short Form 36 Mental and Physical Component Scores (SF-36 MCS, SF-36 PCS).Following the completion of intervention, significantly favourable WOMAC physical function, 6-minute walk test, SF-36 PCS and SF-36 MCS outcomes were reported in the TCC group compared to the control group. Otherwise, no significant... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
14%
Synopsis: 5 studies were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis comparing patient reported outcomes in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) receiving structured physiotherapy or unmonitored, unstructured physiotherapy.PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant articles. Pooled results revealed... Read More »
Conference Report
14%
Synopsis: 84 adult patients with symptomatic isolated interstitial supraspinatus tears were randomized to receive infiltration with platelet rich plasma (PRP) or normal saline.A total of two injections were administered separated by 1 month.The primary outcome of interest was the change in lesion volume.Secondary outcomes of interest included pain on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the Single Assessment Numerical Evaluation (SANE), Constant score, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, the incidence of adverse events and the performance of surgical repair.Follow up was performed at 7 and 12 months after the first injection.Results revealed no significant differences between the PRP and control groups in the change in lesion volume, VAS pain, SANE score, Constant score, and ASES score.The incidence of adverse events was significantly higher in the PRP group. No significant difference... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
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