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You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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Synopsis: Sixty patients undergoing total hip replacement surgery were randomized to either the neuromuscular electrical stimulation group (NMES; n=30) or the standard of care group (n=30).Outcomes that were assessed included postoperative pain, thigh and calf circumference, length of stay, drainage volume, and patient acceptance.Significantly better pain scores were reported on days 1 and 3 in the NMES group compared to the control.Calf circumference was also significantly lower in the NMES group on days 3 and 5. Patients in the... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
6%
Synopsis: Thirty patients with shoulder and neck pain were randomized to receive myofascial trigger point (MTrP) dry needling with electromyography guidance (EMG) (n=15) or MTrP dry needling without EMG (n=15).The primary outcomes of this trial were pain intensity and neck disability after 2, 4, 6, and 12 weeks following the intervention.Secondary outcomes of interest included: the number of body regions for MTrPs-referred pain and changes in the amplitude and frequencies of spontaneous muscle activity (SEA).Significant differences were apparent in pain scores 6 and 12 weeks following the intervention with better scores in the DN-EMG and DN-only groups, respectively. The DN-EMG group... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
6%
Synopsis: 6 studies including 239 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in this meta-analysis comparing mechanical traction plus conventional physical therapy (n=123) vs.conventional physical therapy alone (n=116).Pooled outcomes of interest included pain on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the Schober test. Results revealed significantly... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
3%
Synopsis: One hundred and twenty patients with adhesive capsulitis were randomized to receive up to 3 weekly corticosteroid injections into the coracohumeral ligament and inferior glenohumeral capsule (CHL + IGHC; n=60) or via the posterior glenohumeral recess (PGHR; n=60).The outcomes of interest included pain intensity on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and passive shoulder range of motion in abduction; external rotation; and internal rotation, assessed 2 and 4 months after the first injection.Results showed improvements in both groups over time, however, the improvement in pain scores and all range of motion outcomes were significantly better in the CHL+IGHC group vs. Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: Eight randomized trials containing a total of 2096 patients with osteoarthritis were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis comparing topical and oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).Pooled outcomes of interest included the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain and stiffness sub-scores, pain on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and the odds of skin adverse reactions, gastrointestinal adverse reactions, and any adverse event.The results of the meta-analysis found no differences in pooled WOMAC pain, WOMAC stiffness, VAS pain scores, and odds of any adverse event between the two formulations. The pooled odds... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
3%
Synopsis: Twenty-eight patients who were diagnosed with chronic neck pain with a depressed scapula were randomized to either the active scapular correction group (n=14) or control (n=14).The outcomes of this trial were to assess cervical range of motion, neck pain with cervical rotation, and pressure pain threshold (PPT) over the upper trapezius muscle between the two study arms. The results of... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: Sixty patients with plantar fasciitis were randomized to receive an ultrasound-guided injection of platelet-rich plasma (n=30) or autologous blood product.The outcomes of interest included pain on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Foot and Ankle Disability Index (FADI), measured at 1, 3 and 6 months. Results revealed no... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: Thirty-three patients with low back pain or sacroiliac joint pain were included in this crossover randomized trial assessing the effect of a Serola Sacroiliac belt on pain and functional impairment after 5 days of strenuous repeated manual labour.Patients either performed 5 days of manual labour tasks with the belt followed by 5 days of manual labour tasks without, or vice-versa.Outcomes of interest included Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain scores, spine and thigh discomfort on a Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), and flexion relaxation phenomenon testing, measured after the completion of each intervention period.Whilst both groups demonstrated progression in symptoms, the results found that Serola belt usage resulted in less progression of NRS back pain compared to the control group. No other differences... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 111 patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome were randomized to receive an 80mg local steroid injection (methylprednisolone), 40mg local steroid injection, or placebo injection.Outcomes of interest included time to and rate of subsequent surgical intervention, Short-Form 36 (SF-36) bodily pain scores, treatment satisfaction, symptom severity score, and Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) scores.Outcomes were assessed at 5 years follow up.Local steroid injection was found to significantly reduce the rate of surgical intervention and delay time to surgery compared to placebo. No significant differences... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 316 patients with non-acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and persistent instability were randomized to receive immediate surgery (n=156) or rehabilitation (n=160).The primary outcome of interest was the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score - 4 domain (KOOS4).Secondary outcomes of interest included quality of life measures, the Tegner activity score, resource use, complications and patient satisfaction.Primary follow-up occurred at 18 months.The results of this study found that, whilst both groups showed improvement, patients who received immediate surgery had significantly better knee function, pain, patient satisfaction, and Tegner activity scores compared to the rehabilitation group.Surgery was found to have a 72% chance of being cost-effective vs. Read More »
Author verified Level 1 RCT