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PeerView

You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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Synopsis: 72 patients scheduled to undergo uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) with similar rehabilitation plan were randomized to the surgical approach of either a two-incision or a mini-posterior-incision surgical technique. At 1 year after surgery, the two-incision technique was observed to have a longer mean operative time, slower postoperative recovery, with similar complication rate compared to the mini-posterior-incision technique. Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
9%
Synopsis: 120 patients undergoing hip resurfacing were randomized to receive either a cemented or uncemented femoral component to compare these treatment approaches with respect to femoral bone mineral density (BMD).Results indicated that BMD was significantly increased in zones 1-4 when an uncemented femoral component was used compared to a cemented component, although subjective patient outcomes were similar between groups. Furthermore, patients in... Read More »
Conference Report
6%
Synopsis: One hundred and forty hips scheduled for a total hip arthroplasty were randomized to receive a metal-on-polyethylene bearing (n=69 hips) or a ceramic-on-ceramic bearing (n=71 hips).Outcomes of interest included aseptic revision rate, rate of component loosening, rate of periarticular osteolysis, the Western Ontario and McMaster University (WOMAC) osteoarthritis scores, the incidence of ceramic fracture, and implant survivorship.The minimum follow-up time was 20 years.Results revealed significantly greater survivorship, lower aseptic revision rate, lower rate of periarticular osteolysis, and greater functional scores in the ceramic-on-ceramic group compared to the metal-on-polyethylene group (p<0.05 for all). No cases of... Read More »
Conference Report
3%
Synopsis: This meta-analysis identified 8 controlled studies that examined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs.The purpose of this meta-analysis is to examine the effectiveness of ACL prevention programs and to determine if there is evidence for the "best" program, while assessing the quality of the current literature on ACL injury prevention. The pooled results... Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
3%
Synopsis: 39 physically active patients with lower back pain (LBP) were randomized into either an exercise training group that participated in a 4 week pilates training program or a control group that received standard care, consisting of consultations with physicians, specialists, and other health care professionals as needed.The major outcomes measured were functional disability (The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire) and average pain intensity (The NRS-101). By the end... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 33 patients (27 completed the 12month follow-up) with hip osteoarthritis were randomized to receive total hip arthroplasty (THA) with or without posterior soft tissue repair.At 6 months, the patients who received posterior soft tissue repair were found to have greater capsular distension in the prosthetic hip than those who did not receive it. By 12 months,... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 46 patients with supraspinatus calcifying tendinitis were included in this study to determine the effects of two different energy protocols for extracorpereal shockwave therapy.Results from the 12 month assessment period indicated that both high and low energy level treatments produced a reduction in pain, calcification of the affected tendons and improvements in shoulder function compared to base-line measures. However, the high... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 14 trials (7 RCTs and 7 chort studies) from 1995-2012, studying the effectiveness of Neuromuscular Training (NMT) on different ages of female athletes in prevention of Anterior Cruciate Ligament injuries, were included in the meta-analysis. The results indicated that the program had the greatest effect on females younger than 18 years old, compared to older age groups and that there was a significant reduction in the risk of injury with NMT compared to a control group. Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
3%
Synopsis: Ten ACE Reports (all randomized controlled trials) were identified from the OrthoEvidence database assessing the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) versus control in the treatment of rotator cuff tears.Result are presented for Constant scores, University of California (UCLA) scores, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores, Simple Shoulder Test (SST) scores, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), Sugaya classification, and the incidence of retear.Qualitative descriptions were provided for Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain scores and range of motion (ROM).The results indicated that PRP treatment provided favourable Constant scores and Simple Shoulder test at 12 months.Otherwise, the remaining poolable outcomes displayed similar results amongst treatment and control groups.Evaluations of ROM proposed a potential benefit of PRP in the short-term, although effects were primarily lost at longer follow-up (6-12 months).Tendon integrity and retear risk also did not appear to be improved with PRP. This review exhibited... Read More »
ACE Review
3%
Synopsis: 14 studies (6 RCTs and 8 cohort studies) were included in this meta-analysis and systematic review to assess the effectiveness of neuromuscular and educational interventions in the prevention of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.Approximately 27,000 participants were included from the 14 studies.The findings from this meta-analysis indicated that preventative interventions, including both neuromuscular and educational programs, appeared to reduce the incidence rate of ACL injuries by approximately 50%, although it should be noted there was variation in effect size between studies. Read More »
Author verified Level 2 Meta Analysis