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You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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Synopsis: 126 patients with patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA) were randomized to either a knee support brace, or a control group without brace support for 6 weeks.The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a flexible knee brace on quadriceps maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) and athrogenous muscle inhibition (AMI) in PFJ OA patients.Patients in the control group were subjected to knee brace wearing after the initial 6 weeks.Knee brace wearing in all participants of the trial lasted for a duration of 12 weeks in the open-label phase of this trial.Findings indicated a significant decrease in AMI after 6 weeks in the brace wearing group compared to the control group, but no significant differences in MVC. All patients demonstrated... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
6%
Synopsis: 99 middle-aged patients were randomized to compare an exercise program alone to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy plus a postoperative exercise program in the treatment of degenerative medial meniscus tears.The exercise program was completed over 8 weeks, with outcomes in pain and function being assessed at the completion of the program, and again at 6 months. The results indicated... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
5%
Synopsis: 20 patients either with insertional or midportion chronic Achilles tendinopathy were randomized to receive eccentric training or conventional cryotherapy as treatment for this condition. The results indicated that following the 12 week treatment period, eccentric training resulted in reduced paratendinous blood flow, decreased pain, unchanged and preserved oxygen saturation, and reduced postcapillary venous filling pressures. Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
4%
Synopsis: 140 patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade II-III) and ultrasonographic evidence of synovitis were included in this trial to determine the effects of prolonged corticosteroid use on cartilage loss and pain.Patients were randomized to injections of triamcinolone acetonide or saline every 12 weeks for a period of two years.The outcomes assessed included cartilage loss and damage (MRI), pain, function, and adverse events. The results of... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
4%
Synopsis: 74 patients with plantar fasciitis were randomized to treatment with either extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) or botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections.The purpose of this study was to compare pain on a visual analog scale (VAS), Roles and Maudsley pain scores, plantar fasciitis thickness on ultrasound, and the incidence of adverse events.Patients were followed-up at 1 month.The ESWT group demonstrated a greater reduction in VAS pain at rest and on the Roles and Maudsley score compared to the BoNT-A injections. No significant difference... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
4%
Synopsis: 40 patients with a symptomatic partial supraspinatus tear were randomized to receive a subacromial injection of either platelet-rich plasma or corticosteroid (triamcinolone acetonide).The purpose of this study was to compare clinical, functional, and radiological outcomes at 6-week, 12-week, and 6-month follow-up between groups. Results demonstrated significantly... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 604 patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis were randomized to treatment with either chondroitin sulfate, celecoxib, or placebo over a 6 month period.Patients were assessed for pain, function, perceived improvement and adverse events over the 6 months.The results from this study indicated that all three groups demonstrated a significant improvement from baseline over the 6 months.Both the chondroitin sulfate group and the celecoxib group demonstrated significantly greater improvement in pain and function compared to the placebo group after 6 months.There were no significant differences between the chondroitin sulfate group and the celecoxib group for pain or function. Incidence of adverse... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 180 elderly females with hip fractures were randomized to receive traditional care either with or without or an additional home-based exercise program to determine if the intervention can better restore function and strength.The results from this study indicate that there was a significant increase the activity level of the patients receiving the home-based exercise program in addition to traditional treatment. Bone mineral density,... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 58 patients were randomized to undergo either a heave slow resistance (HSR) protocol or an eccentric training (ECC) intervention as treatment for mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy.The study was conducted in order to compare the efficacy of HSR with that of ECC as an intervention for this condition.The study found that the two regimens were comparable in pain and function scores, tendon thickness, and patient satisfaction. However, results may... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 70 patients with low back pain and a directional preference observed during a mechanical assessment were randomized to treatment using the McKenzie method or motor control exercises.The purpose of this study was to compare the effects that these two treatments had on the recruitment of the transversus abdominis, obliquus internus, and obliquus externus muscles, as well as their effects on pain intensity, functional outcome, and global perceived effect.Outcomes were reported as changes from baseline to 8-week follow-up.No statistically significant differences were observed in the recruitment of the three abdominal muscles, pain, or function between the treatment groups. However, a statistically... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT