Cemented versus uncemented fixation in total hip replacement
Comparison of cemented and uncemented fixation in total hip replacement: a meta analysisActa Orthopaedica 2007; 78 (3): 315â€“326
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Use of cemented versus un-cemented implant fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has long been an area of debate. Although cemented components have long had unsurpassed prosthesis survival rate, more and more THAs are being performed with un-cemented components. The current systematic review and meta analysis compared the pros and cons to cemented versus un-cemented fixation to determine which has a better overall performance. The study found that although the performance of un-cemented components is improving, cemented fixation continues to be unparalleled.
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Detsky AS, Naylor CD, O'Rourke K, McGeer AJ, L'Abbé KA. J Clin Epidemiol. 1992;45:255-65
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Why was this study needed now?
Amidst the debate of cement versus un-cemented fixation, a clear answer on survivorship and rate of revisions has not been clearly established. A summary of evidence on how the type of fixation affects rate of survivorship is needed to determine which fixation is superior.
What was the principal research question?
In THA is survivorship superior with cemented or uncemented fixation?
What were the important findings?
- No overall superiority was demonstrated when failure was defined as revision of either or both components.
- Cemented fixation had favourable results at the population level but generalizability of this should be considered with caution due to sample differences.
- Further, cemented fixation was found to be inferior when titanium stems were used and superior when a stainless steel or cobalt chrome stem were used.
- Survivorship with un-cemented fixation improved overtime since 1995.
What should I remember most?
The current literature suggests fixation with cement has superior survival rates when compared to un-cemented fixation although un-cemented fixation survivorship has improved over time.
How will this affect the care of my patients?
Although un-cemented fixation is improving, cemented fixation continues to outperform un-cemented fixation. However, more research with improved methods are needed to further determine the benefits of each method specific to various populations.
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